Urbanization

The UN-Habitat Report of 2008 reports that by 2018 half of the world’s population will be living in urban areas, and by 2060 over 6 billion people, or over two-thirds of the world’s population will live in urban areas.  93 percent of this increased urbanization is expected to occur in developing countries in Asia and Africa.  As an example, by 2030 China is expected to have an urban population of 1 billion and India an urban population of 590 million.  This contrast with Europe’s current urban population of 533 million.  Also, by 2030, China is expected to have 221 cities with a population of more than a million people while India will have 68 cities with a population of over 1 million people.  This contrast with Europe with today 35 cities with a population of over a million people.  Already, close to 180,000 people move into cities daily, adding roughly 60 million urban dwellers each year.   Such rapid urbanization causes numerous problems, including urban sprawl that consumes agricultural lands, traffic congestion and related air pollution, urban slums as previously agricultural-subsistence populations move to urban areas to look for jobs, increased demands for housing, and increased crime and disease.  And as we become an increasingly global society where in hours goods and individuals can travel half-way across the globe, increasingly urban problems of one region can quickly spread throughout the globe.  As such, all of us have a vested interest in finding ways to deal with manage the world’s increasing urbanization.

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~ by americanpresidents on February 25, 2010.

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